Asthma is a long-term disease of the lungs in which breathing difficulty occurs. It happens due to hyperactivity of your immune system. Due to this, it causes your bronchioles to constrict, and efficient gas exchange can not take place. Therefore you have a difficulty in breathing.
Asthma is a disease of the respiratory tract that is common amongst young children. However, it occurs in adults and the elderly too.
Severe asthma can make it even difficult for you to talk and eat. Asthma needs to be managed well. If you leave it untreated, it can become life-threatening. Since it is a lifelong condition, sometimes the attacks may exacerbate, whereas sometimes you feel better. To prevent its exacerbations, you must take your preventer inhalers and medications that your healthcare provider prescribes on time.
If you or your children have asthma, you should visit the healthcare provider frequently. They can help you in preventing asthma exacerbations. For an expert opinion, you can consult with the Best Pulmonologist in Lahore.
What are The Symptoms of Asthma?
The symptoms of asthma differ from person to person, depending upon the severity. Some people have severe attacks that they can not walk or sometimes even talk. But in some people, it may show fewer symptoms. The common signs and symptoms of asthma are:
- Chest pain or chest tightness
- Difficulty breathing
- Wheezing- a whistling sound produced on breathing
- Cough- that may become worse at night or when you have cold or flu
Symptoms that can indicate that your asthma is worsening can be:
- You need to take a reliever inhaler more as required previously
- The symptoms of asthma become more bothersome
Depending upon the person, the symptoms of asthma may also worsen due to:
- Exercise- it gets, even more, worse when the air is dry and cold. This type of asthma is known as exercise-induced asthma.
- Exposure to fumes and chemicals at the job. This type of asthma is known as occupational asthma.
- Exposure to pollen, dust, mites, cockroach waste, and pet dander causes allergy and triggers asthma. This kind of asthma is known as allergy-induced asthma.
When Should You See a Doctor?
For asthma management, you need to visit your healthcare provider frequently. Even if your symptoms are well controlled, it is advisable to attend your appointments. They can check by listening to your chest sounds and other evaluation tests that how well controlled is your asthma. They may change inhalers and medications, depending upon your symptoms.
Sometimes asthma needs to be treated promptly. Otherwise, it can become life-threatening. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should visit the healthcare provider as soon as possible:
- Extreme difficulty in breathing that does not settle down with reliever inhalers
- The person becomes short of breath upon eating and talking
- Shortness of breath upon walking a little distance
If you have any of these symptoms, you need to visit the emergency department soon. The healthcare providers will nebulize you back to back and may administer intravenous drugs. Upon getting the treatment, you may feel better soon.
Your healthcare providers will evaluate your breathing rate and then allow you to go back home. They may keep you at the hospital for a day or two or may allow you to go back home in some hours, depending upon your health condition.
What are the Triggers of Asthma?
The asthma triggers can be:
- Dust mites
- Cockroach waste
- Respiratory tract infections such as cold or flu
- Expsoure to cold and dry air
- Physical activity
- Exposure to air pollution
- Expsoure to smoke, either first hand or second hand
- Consuming certain medications, such as beta-blockers, and NSAIDs
- Strong emotions
- Too much stress
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
If you or anyone in your family has a complaint of asthma, you should visit the Best Pulmonologist in Karachi.