January 21, 2022

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The Healthy Lovers

Effective Treatments for Glaucoma

How Is Glaucoma Treated? | Everyday Health

Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of permanent vision among older people, but it can also occur in people of all ages. However, if it is detected early, permanent vision loss can be prevented or even slowed down. If you’re struggling with glaucoma in Maitland, contact Hunter vision to begin your treatment.

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition that affects the optic nerve and deteriorates over time. The pressure exerted on your optic nerve hinders it from transmitting visual signals to your brain. If glaucoma is left untreated, it can worsen and gradually lead to permanent vision loss. Fortunately, the skilled specialists at Hunter Vision offer preventive eye exams that can detect early glaucoma and create a treatment plan to prevent you from losing your vision.

What are the common causes of glaucoma?

The cause of glaucoma is not yet known, but the medical field continues with the research. High eye pressure occurs due to the accumulation of aqueous humor that leaks into your eye. When there are overproduction of the fluid, the drainage system malfunctions, preventing the fluid from flowing out and exerting extreme pressure on your eye. A family history of glaucoma can also increase your risk of developing glaucoma. Researchers have discovered genes associated with optic nerve damage and intense eye pressure in some patients.

How can you know if you have glaucoma?

Early glaucoma rarely causes any symptoms and often goes unnoticed until it has advanced. The symptoms of glaucoma also depend on the type and intensity of your condition. You must go for regular eye checkups that include determining your eye pressure which can help diagnose glaucoma while still in its early stages. Advanced glaucoma can result in permanent vision loss. Some of the symptoms of glaucoma include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Severe headache
  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain
  • Tunnel vision in advanced stages
  • Irreversible vision loss
  • Blind spots in your vision

The best method to prevent permanent vision loss due to glaucoma is going for frequent eye exams as recommended by the team at Hunter Vision.

What are the available treatments for glaucoma?

The appropriate treatment depends on the intensity and the stage of glaucoma. Some of the available treatments include:

  • Oral medication: The team may recommend carbonic anhydrase inhibitor oral medications like acetazolamide to reduce eye pressure if eye drops don’t work.
  • Prescription eye drops: You may be offered prescription eye drops on your first visit to reduce the amount of fluid produced and improve your drainage.
  •  Eye shunts: Your surgeon may place shunts in place to drain out excess fluid.
  • Trabeculectomy: In this procedure, the surgeon creates another drainage passage for the excess fluid.
  • Laser therapy: The laser procedure unblocks the clogged paths in your eye to restore your proper fluid drainage.
  • Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery: The facility offers several glaucoma surgeries, but they all produce the same results.

For more information about glaucoma treatments, contact Hunter Vision or book your spot online today.