Dry macular degeneration is a common eye condition in adults older than 50 years of age. It happens because the macula gets thinner with age. Small protein clumps called drusen may grow, eventually leading to loss of central vision. There is also something called wet macular degeneration, or wet AMD, which is a condition where new and unusual blood vessels grow under the retina. Some clinics offer treatment for dry macular degeneration in San Antonio, and the eventual prognosis depends on the extent to which eyes are affected. In this post, we are sharing some key details about dry macular degeneration.
What are the common symptoms?
Patients with dry macular degeneration often don’t have apparent symptoms, which delays the diagnosis in many cases. Delayed symptoms are the precise reason why yearly eye checkups are essential for those over the age of 50. Common symptoms include visual distortion or reduced vision in either or both eyes. Some patients may have difficulty reading without bright light, and it can be hard to read printed materials. There could be difficulty recognizing faces and color intensity, while some patients may also have blind sports. Dry macular degeneration is typically more common and develops over the years, and therefore, profound vision loss may happen anytime.
When to see a doctor?
If you have a sudden vision change or have found evident changes in central vision, talk to a doctor immediately. Vision problems may sometimes look minor, but a patient’s inability to see and distinguish between colors are minor symptoms that may indicate dry macular degeneration. Do not delay seeking treatment and help for the condition because further damage to vision can be minimized when treated early.
What are the risk factors?
Researchers and doctors aren’t entirely sure what causes dry macular degeneration, but it is believed that genetics may have a role. Risk factors include age, as the condition is typically seen in patients aged 60 or more. A family history of dry macular degeneration, smoking, and obesity are other risk factors. The condition is also common in some races.
If someone in your immediate family has the condition, make sure to go for routine eye exams at least once each year. Preventing heart disease and avoiding smoking are other measures that can help prevent further complications. A diet consisting of healthy Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the risk of macular degeneration. Talk to your doctor to know more!